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翻譯中的語態變換

時間:2020-01-09 17:25:30  來源: 編輯:

  在翻譯中語態的選擇也很重要,針對不同的情況,語態的選擇也有些不同。下面土耳其語翻譯就來說說翻譯中的語態變換。

  YUTAI,BAOKUOZHUDONGYUTAIHEBEIDONGYUTAI,SHIYONGLAISHUOMINGZHUYUHEWEIYUDEGUANXI。

  1) SHENMESHI“YUTAIBIANHUAN”?

  2) YINGYUYUTAIYUYINGYUCIXINGDEGUANXI?

  3) YUHANYUXIANGBI,YINGYUYUTAIDETEDIANSHISHENME?

  1.“YUTAIBIANHUAN”SHIZHIFANYIZHONGYINGYUHEHANYULIANGZHONGYUYANZHIJIANZHUDONGYUBEIDONGDEZHUANHUAN。YIWENLIDEYUTAIBINGBUYIDINGWANQUANZUNXUNYUANWENLIDEYUTAI,YAOGENJUQINGKUANGZUOQIADANGXUANZE。

  2. YINGYUYUTAIYUYINGYUCIXINGYOUMIQIEDELIANXI。WOMENSHENZHIKEYIZHIJIETONGGUOYIGECILAIPANDUANTAJUYOUZHUDONGHANYIHUANSHIBEIDONGHANYI。RUYOUXIEMINGCIDEHOUZHUICHANGJUYOUZHUDONGYUTAIYIYI。ZUICHANGJIANDEYOU -ar,-or,-er,ZHEYANGDEDANCIYOUbeggar(QIGAI),liar(GUANYUSHUOHUANGZHE),instructor(ZHIDAOZHE),professor(JIAOSHOU),worker(GONGREN),writer(ZUOZHE)。

  LINGYIXIEMINGCIHOUZHUIRU-eeQUEJUYOUBEIDONGYIYI,ZHEYANGDEDANCIYOUexaminee(SHOUSHENCHAZHE,BEICESHIZHE),interviewee(BEIFANGWENZHE),employee(BEIGUYONGZHE)。CHUMINGCIWAI,YINGYUDINGGUANCI“the”YUGUOQUFENCIGOUCHENGDEMINGCICHANGZHICHENGSHOUZHE,RU:the oppressed(SHOUYAPOZHE),the accused(BEIGAO),the wounded(SHOUSHANGZHE)。

  YOU-ingFENCIZHUANHUALAIDEXINGRONGCHANGDAIYOUZHUDONGYIYI,ERYOUJIWU-edFENCIZHUANHUALAIDEXINGRONGCIZECHANGDAIYOUBEIDONGYIYI。RUinteresting film(LINGRENGANXINGQUDEDIANYING),disappointed look(SHIWANGDEBIAOQING)。YOUXIEYOUJIECI、MINGCIHEJIECIGOUCHENGDEJIECIDUANYUCHANGBIAODAZHUDONGYIYI,RU:in place of(TIDAI),in need of(XUYAO),in want of(XUYAO),in possession of(YONGYOU),in charge of(FUZE),in control of(KONGZHI)。

  DANYOUJIECI、DINGGUANCIthe、MINGCIHEJIECIGOUCHENGDEJIECIDUANYUCHANGBIAODABEIDONGYIYI,RU:at the mercy of(SHOU……BAIBU),in the care of(YOU……ZHAOLIAO),in the charge of(YOU……FUZE),in the possession of(YOU……YONGYOU),in the pay of(YOU……GUYONGDE)。

  3. YUHANYUXIANGBI,YINGYUZHONGBEIDONGYUTAISHIYONGFANWEIFEICHANGGUANG。BEIDONGYUTAIDUOYONGYUYIXIACHANGHE。

  1) BUQINGCHUDONGZUODEZHIXINGZHESHISHUI。

  2) SHUOHUARENDUIBINYUDEXINGQUDAYUDUIZHUYUDEXINGQU。

  3) BUYUANYISHUOCHUDONGZUODEZHIXINGZHE,MUDESHIWEILESHIYUYANGENGJIAYUANHUA、DETI。

  4) CHUYUXIUSHIDEYUANYIN,HUOSHIJUZIANPAIGENGJIAHELI。

  HANYUSUIRANYEYOU“BEI”、“YOU”ZHILEIDECIBIAOSHIDONGZUOSHIBEIDONGDE,DANZHEZHONGBIAODAYUANMEIYOUYINGYUDEBEIDONGYUTAINEIMECHANGJIAN。YINCI,HENDUOYINGYUBEIDONGJUZAIFANYISHIJIUBEIYICHENGLEHANYUDEZHUDONGJU。FANZHI,HENDUOHANYUDEZHUDONGJUZAIYICHENGYINGWENSHIHUIBIANCHENGYINGYUBEIDONGTAI。

  HANYUHEYINGYU,ZAIYUTAIFANGMIANDEBUTONGKENENGHUIYINGXIANGWOMENFANYIDESHIHOUDUIYUTAIDEXUANZE。WOMENYAOZIXIDEXUEXIYISHANGLIZIZHONGCHUXIANDEYONGFA,ZHEYANGCAIKEYIDUIZHEFANGMIANZHISHIDEDAOYIGEGENGHAODELIJIE。YUTAI,BAOKUOZHUDONGYUTAIHEBEIDONGYUTAI,SHIYONGLAISHUOMINGZHUYUHEWEIYUDEGUANXI。ZAIFANYIZHONG,ZHENDUIBUTONGDEQINGKUANG,YUTAIDEXUANZEYEYOUXIEBUTONG。

  1) SHENMESHI“YUTAIBIANHUAN”?

  2) YINGYUYUTAIYUYINGYUCIXINGDEGUANXI?

  3) YUHANYUXIANGBI,YINGYUYUTAIDETEDIANSHISHENME?

  1.“YUTAIBIANHUAN”SHIZHIFANYIZHONGYINGYUHEHANYULIANGZHONGYUYANZHIJIANZHUDONGYUBEIDONGDEZHUANHUAN。YIWENLIDEYUTAIBINGBUYIDINGWANQUANZUNXUNYUANWENLIDEYUTAI,YAOGENJUQINGKUANGZUOQIADANGXUANZE。

  2. YINGYUYUTAIYUYINGYUCIXINGYOUMIQIEDELIANXI。WOMENSHENZHIKEYIZHIJIETONGGUOYIGECILAIPANDUANTAJUYOUZHUDONGHANYIHUANSHIBEIDONGHANYI。RUYOUXIEMINGCIDEHOUZHUICHANGJUYOUZHUDONGYUTAIYIYI。ZUICHANGJIANDEYOU -ar,-or,-er,ZHEYANGDEDANCIYOUbeggar(QIGAI),liar(GUANYUSHUOHUANGZHE),instructor(ZHIDAOZHE),professor(JIAOSHOU),worker(GONGREN),writer(ZUOZHE)。

  LINGYIXIEMINGCIHOUZHUIRU-eeQUEJUYOUBEIDONGYIYI,ZHEYANGDEDANCIYOUexaminee(SHOUSHENCHAZHE,BEICESHIZHE),interviewee(BEIFANGWENZHE),employee(BEIGUYONGZHE)。CHUMINGCIWAI,YINGYUDINGGUANCI“the”YUGUOQUFENCIGOUCHENGDEMINGCICHANGZHICHENGSHOUZHE,RU:the oppressed(SHOUYAPOZHE),the accused(BEIGAO),the wounded(SHOUSHANGZHE)。

  YOU-ingFENCIZHUANHUALAIDEXINGRONGCHANGDAIYOUZHUDONGYIYI,ERYOUJIWU-edFENCIZHUANHUALAIDEXINGRONGCIZECHANGDAIYOUBEIDONGYIYI。RUinteresting film(LINGRENGANXINGQUDEDIANYING),disappointed look(SHIWANGDEBIAOQING)。YOUXIEYOUJIECI、MINGCIHEJIECIGOUCHENGDEJIECIDUANYUCHANGBIAODAZHUDONGYIYI,RU:in place of(TIDAI),in need of(XUYAO),in want of(XUYAO),in possession of(YONGYOU),in charge of(FUZE),in control of(KONGZHI)。

  DANYOUJIECI、DINGGUANCIthe、MINGCIHEJIECIGOUCHENGDEJIECIDUANYUCHANGBIAODABEIDONGYIYI,RU:at the mercy of(SHOU……BAIBU),in the care of(YOU……ZHAOLIAO),in the charge of(YOU……FUZE),in the possession of(YOU……YONGYOU),in the pay of(YOU……GUYONGDE)。

  3. YUHANYUXIANGBI,YINGYUZHONGBEIDONGYUTAISHIYONGFANWEIFEICHANGGUANG。BEIDONGYUTAIDUOYONGYUYIXIACHANGHE。

  1) BUQINGCHUDONGZUODEZHIXINGZHESHISHUI。

  2) SHUOHUARENDUIBINYUDEXINGQUDAYUDUIZHUYUDEXINGQU。

  3) BUYUANYISHUOCHUDONGZUODEZHIXINGZHE,MUDESHIWEILESHIYUYANGENGJIAYUANHUA、DETI。

  4) CHUYUXIUSHIDEYUANYIN,HUOSHIJUZIANPAIGENGJIAHELI。

  HANYUSUIRANYEYOU“BEI”、“YOU”ZHILEIDECIBIAOSHIDONGZUOSHIBEIDONGDE,DANZHEZHONGBIAODAYUANMEIYOUYINGYUDEBEIDONGYUTAINEIMECHANGJIAN。YINCI,HENDUOYINGYUBEIDONGJUZAIFANYISHIJIUBEIYICHENGLEHANYUDEZHUDONGJU。FANZHI,HENDUOHANYUDEZHUDONGJUZAIYICHENGYINGWENSHIHUIBIANCHENGYINGYUBEIDONGTAI。

  HANYUHEYINGYU,ZAIYUTAIFANGMIANDEBUTONGKENENGHUIYINGXIANGWOMENFANYIDESHIHOUDUIYUTAIDEXUANZE。WOMENYAOZIXIDEXUEXIYISHANGLIZIZHONGCHUXIANDEYONGFA,ZHEYANGCAIKEYIDUIZHEFANGMIANZHISHIDEDAOYIGEGENGHAODELIJIE。YUTAI,BAOKUOZHUDONGYUTAIHEBEIDONGYUTAI,SHIYONGLAISHUOMINGZHUYUHEWEIYUDEGUANXI。ZAIFANYIZHONG,ZHENDUIBUTONGDEQINGKUANG,YUTAIDEXUANZEYEYOUXIEBUTONG。

  1) SHENMESHI“YUTAIBIANHUAN”?

  2) YINGYUYUTAIYUYINGYUCIXINGDEGUANXI?

  3) YUHANYUXIANGBI,YINGYUYUTAIDETEDIANSHISHENME?

  1.“YUTAIBIANHUAN”SHIZHIFANYIZHONGYINGYUHEHANYULIANGZHONGYUYANZHIJIANZHUDONGYUBEIDONGDEZHUANHUAN。YIWENLIDEYUTAIBINGBUYIDINGWANQUANZUNXUNYUANWENLIDEYUTAI,YAOGENJUQINGKUANGZUOQIADANGXUANZE。

  2. YINGYUYUTAIYUYINGYUCIXINGYOUMIQIEDELIANXI。WOMENSHENZHIKEYIZHIJIETONGGUOYIGECILAIPANDUANTAJUYOUZHUDONGHANYIHUANSHIBEIDONGHANYI。RUYOUXIEMINGCIDEHOUZHUICHANGJUYOUZHUDONGYUTAIYIYI。ZUICHANGJIANDEYOU -ar,-or,-er,ZHEYANGDEDANCIYOUbeggar(QIGAI),liar(GUANYUSHUOHUANGZHE),instructor(ZHIDAOZHE),professor(JIAOSHOU),worker(GONGREN),writer(ZUOZHE)。

  LINGYIXIEMINGCIHOUZHUIRU-eeQUEJUYOUBEIDONGYIYI,ZHEYANGDEDANCIYOUexaminee(SHOUSHENCHAZHE,BEICESHIZHE),interviewee(BEIFANGWENZHE),employee(BEIGUYONGZHE)。CHUMINGCIWAI,YINGYUDINGGUANCI“the”YUGUOQUFENCIGOUCHENGDEMINGCICHANGZHICHENGSHOUZHE,RU:the oppressed(SHOUYAPOZHE),the accused(BEIGAO),the wounded(SHOUSHANGZHE)。

  YOU-ingFENCIZHUANHUALAIDEXINGRONGCHANGDAIYOUZHUDONGYIYI,ERYOUJIWU-edFENCIZHUANHUALAIDEXINGRONGCIZECHANGDAIYOUBEIDONGYIYI。RUinteresting film(LINGRENGANXINGQUDEDIANYING),disappointed look(SHIWANGDEBIAOQING)。YOUXIEYOUJIECI、MINGCIHEJIECIGOUCHENGDEJIECIDUANYUCHANGBIAODAZHUDONGYIYI,RU:in place of(TIDAI),in need of(XUYAO),in want of(XUYAO),in possession of(YONGYOU),in charge of(FUZE),in control of(KONGZHI)。

  DANYOUJIECI、DINGGUANCIthe、MINGCIHEJIECIGOUCHENGDEJIECIDUANYUCHANGBIAODABEIDONGYIYI,RU:at the mercy of(SHOU……BAIBU),in the care of(YOU……ZHAOLIAO),in the charge of(YOU……FUZE),in the possession of(YOU……YONGYOU),in the pay of(YOU……GUYONGDE)。

  3. YUHANYUXIANGBI,YINGYUZHONGBEIDONGYUTAISHIYONGFANWEIFEICHANGGUANG。BEIDONGYUTAIDUOYONGYUYIXIACHANGHE。

  1) BUQINGCHUDONGZUODEZHIXINGZHESHISHUI。

  2) SHUOHUARENDUIBINYUDEXINGQUDAYUDUIZHUYUDEXINGQU。

  3) BUYUANYISHUOCHUDONGZUODEZHIXINGZHE,MUDESHIWEILESHIYUYANGENGJIAYUANHUA、DETI。

  4) CHUYUXIUSHIDEYUANYIN,HUOSHIJUZIANPAIGENGJIAHELI。

  HANYUSUIRANYEYOU“BEI”、“YOU”ZHILEIDECIBIAOSHIDONGZUOSHIBEIDONGDE,DANZHEZHONGBIAODAYUANMEIYOUYINGYUDEBEIDONGYUTAINEIMECHANGJIAN。YINCI,HENDUOYINGYUBEIDONGJUZAIFANYISHIJIUBEIYICHENGLEHANYUDEZHUDONGJU。FANZHI,HENDUOHANYUDEZHUDONGJUZAIYICHENGYINGWENSHIHUIBIANCHENGYINGYUBEIDONGTAI。

  HANYUHEYINGYU,ZAIYUTAIFANGMIANDEBUTONGKENENGHUIYINGXIANGWOMENFANYIDESHIHOUDUIYUTAIDEXUANZE。WOMENYAOZIXIDEXUEXIYISHANGLIZIZHONGCHUXIANDEYONGFA,ZHEYANGCAIKEYIDUIZHEFANGMIANZHISHIDEDAOYIGEGENGHAODELIJIE。

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