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成語翻譯的技巧

時間:2020-04-03 15:01:59  來源: 編輯:

成語是簡潔精辟的定型詞組或短語。成語的深層含義和中西方的文化差異,使得成語的英譯成為一大難題。下面土耳其語翻譯就來說說成語翻譯的技巧。

  ZIMIANYISIJIUSHISHIJIYIYI

  1)HANYUCHENGYUMEIYOUBIYUYIYI,ZIMIANYISIYEJIUSHISHIJIYIYI。

  LI1、LAOKUGONGGAO to have spent toilsome labour and won distinctive merits

  GONGQIBUBEI to strike sb when he is unprepared

  LAOBUKEPO to be strongly built as to be indestructible

  2)HANYUCHENGYUDEZIMIANFANYINENGGOUWEIYIWENDUZHESUOJIESHOU,QIBIYUXIAOGUOHEYUANWENYIYANGXINGXIANGSHENGDONG,YIWENNENGSHIDUZHEHENKUAILIANXIANGDAOYINGWENZHONGDEDUIDENGCHENGYU,KEYISHIZIMIANFANYI。

  LI2、DAIYUDAO:“DIELEDENGZHIQIANNI,HUANSHIDIELERENZHIQIAN?NIYOUCHUANBUGUANMUJIZI。NEIDENGLONGJIAOTAMENQIANTOUDIANZHU;ZHEGEYOUQINGQIAOYOULIANG,YUANSHIYULIZIJINAZHUDE。NIZIJISHOULINAZHUZHEGE,QIBUHAO?MINGERZAISONGLAI——JIUSHILESHOUYEYOUXIANDE,ZENMEHURANYOUBIANCHUZHE‘POUFUZANGZHU’DEPIQILAI!”

  Which is more valuable, lamp or man? You're not used to wearing pattens, so get them to carry the horn lantern in front and take this one yourself, since it's handy and bright and meant to be used in the rain. Wouldn't that be better? You can send it back later. And even if your drop it, it won't matter. What's come over you suddenly that you want to ' cut open your stomach to hide a pearl'? ( translated by Yang Xianyi and Gladys Yang)

  JIEXI:“POUFUZANGZHU”YISIWEIWEILEYIDIANXIAOLIYIERXISHENGDALIYI,YIWENZHIJIEANZHAOZIMIANYISIFANYIWEI“cut open your stomach to hide a pearl”,BIYUSHIFENXINGXIANGSHENGDONG。YIWENDUZHELIJIEZIMIANYISI,NENGGOUHUODEYINGYUDUIDENGCHENGYU“penny wise and pound foolish”TONGYANGDEXIAOGUO。

  LI3、JIEZEERYU to drain a pond to catch all the fish(XIANGDANGYUkill the goose that lays the golden eggs)

  DACAOJINGSHE to stir up the grass and alert the snake (XIANGDANGYU wake a sleeping dog)

  SHOUKOURUPING to keep one's mouth closed like a bottle(XIANGDANGYU keep a still tongue in one's head)

  JIEXI:DANSHIZHEZHONGFANGFABINGBUSHIYONGYUYIQIECHENGYUFANYI。BIRU“GOUXUELINTOU”,ZAIHANYULITONGCHANGXINGRONGMARENMADEXIONG,JUEDUIMEIYOU“LINGOUXUE”DEYISI。FANYICHENG“pour dog's blood on sb”,DONGYINGYUDEZHONGGUORENKENENGXINLINGSHENHUI,DANWAIGUORENQUEDAWEIBUJIE。CHENGYUSHIYIGEMINZUWENHUADEJINGHUA,YUESHIMINZUDEYUEJUYOUTESE,ZHONGXICHENGYUHEYANYUZHONGYEZHIYOUSHAOBUFENWENHE。

  LINGHUOFANYI YIYIWEIJIA

  1)BIYUXINGXIANGBUNENGBEIYIWENDUZHESUOJIESHOU,YIYIWEIJIA。

  LI4、CHENYULUOYAN

  ZHIYI:something makes the fish dive down and geese fall.

  YIYI:dazzling beauty/ striking beauty

  JIEXI:“CHENYULUOYAN”SHIJIFUDONGFANGTESEDEYIZHONGBIAOSHU,ZHONGGUODUZHEDANGRANSHIFENQINGCHUZHELIDE“something”SHIZHISHENME,DANSHIGUOWAIDUZHEKONGPANANYIZHIXIAO,SHENZHIJUEDEKENENGSHI“LEIDIAN”HUO“JUFENG”DENGZIRANZAIHAIRANGDONGWUSIWANG。JIRAN“CHENYULUOYAN”DEZIMIANYIYIWUDAOYINGYUDUZHE,BIANDAKECAIYONGYIYIDEFANGSHI。

  LI5、DENGHONGJIULV

  ZHIYI:with red lights and green wine

  YIYI:dissipated and luxurious

  KAIMENJIANSHAN

  ZHIYI:to open the door and see the mountain

  YIYI:to come straight to the point

  JIEXI:YISHANGLIANGGELIZI,ZHIYIDOUHUIZAOCHENGWUJIE,CAIYONGYIYIWEIJIA。ZAIYUQITAWENHUAJIECHUSHI,RENMENHENNANBAITUOZISHENDEWENHUACHUANTONGHESIWEIFANGSHI,WANGWANGANZHAOZIJIXIGUANDESIWEIMOSHILAIJIEDU,ZHEJIUCHANSHENGLENANYIBIMIANDEWENHUAWUJIE。ZHEJIUXUYAOZAIFANYIZHONGZHUYIHUANWEISIKAO。

  2)ZIMIANSHANGHANYOUZHONGGUOGUDAIRENMING、DIMING,HUOCHUZIYUYANHUOLISHIDIANGUDECHENGYU,ZUIHAORAOKAIQIWENHUABEIJING,FANYIQINEIHANYIYI。RUOJIASHANGJIESHIXINGWENZI,ZESHIQULECHENGYUDUANXIAOJINGLIANDETEDIAN。

  LI6、MAOSUIZIJIAN to volunteer one's service

  DONGSHIXIAOPIN crude imitation with ludicrous effect

  XUANLIANGCIGU to be extremely hard-working in one's study

  SIMIANCHUGE to be besieged on all sides

  JIEXI:“MAOSUIZIJIAN”ZHIDESHIZHAOGUOPINGYUANJUNDEMENKEMAOSUIZIDONGQINGYINGDEGUSHI,RUGUOFANYISHIJIANGMAOSUIDERENMINGJIASHANG,BUMIANRANGYINGWENDUZHEYITOUWUSHUI。ERZHECHENGYUBENSHENJIUSHIYIGEDIANGU,RUOSHIHOUZHUIYINGWENJIESHIYOUXIANDEGUOYULEIZHUI。

  3)HANYUCHENGYUHEYINGYUCHENGYUZAIYIYISHANGDUIDENG,KEYONGYINGYUCHENGYUFANYI,SHIYIWENDUZHEBIANYULIJIEHEGENGJUEQINQIE。

  LI7、FUTANGDAOHUO go through fire and water

  XIAOTIDAZUO make a mountain out of a molehill

  XIXINGEMIAN turn over a new leaf

  HANYUCHENGYUDEFANYIXIANGDANGFUZA,JIYAOBAOCHIYUANWENTESE,YOUYAOZUNZHONGBENGUOGUOQINGMINSU,TEBIESHICHUANTONGGUANNIAN;JIYAOYINRUYIGUOYUANSU,YOUYAOKAOLVYIWENDUZHEDEFANYINGHEGANSHOU。ERQIEHANYUCHENGYUBIANHUADUODUAN,TONGYICHENGYUYINQISHANGXIAWENYUJINGBUTONG,YISIYEDAWEIBUTONG。YINCI,ZAIFANYIHANYUCHENGYUSHI,YIZHEZAITOUCHELIJIEYUANWENDEJICHUSHANG,YAOSHANYUSUIJIYINGBIAN,QIAOZUOCHULI。

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